|Title||The Progress of Cotton No.2: Willowing|
|Creator||Barfoot, J R|
|Description||From Barfoot's series of coloured lithographs of 1840 depicting the cotton manufacturing process.|
Original text written to accompany Lithograph No.2:
"When the COTTON is gathered, it generally happens that the seeds, and parts of the husk, cling very fast to it. It would take a very long time, and be very tedious, to pick it by the hand. Machines have, therefore, been made, which do this work very quickly. The Machine used for this purpose is called a Gin, and the operation is called Ginning the Cotton. After this, it is packed closely in bags, and presses are used to reduce it to as small compass as possible, that it may be removed with less trouble and expense. It is sometimes conveyed thousands of miles from the place where it grew; and, after being made into cloth, it is taken back, and work in the same land that produced it. The Cotton-Mill or Factory is a very large, well-lighted building, with a great quantity of Machinery in it, which is very clean, and kept in motion by a powerful Steam-Engine. The first thing done to the Cotton, when taken out of the bags, is to put it into the Willowing-Frame or Blowing Machine, the outside of which you see in this picture. The man on the right, first puts the Cotton on what is called the Feeder, which turns it inside the machine, where there is a large Drum, called a Cylinder, full of spikes or iron teeth, to tear and loosen the Cotton, and to cleanse it from dust and motes. The dust ascends through a large pipe, as seen in the drawing, and the motes fall through below. The clean Cotton is turned out at the other end of the frame by the Discharger, which is kept in slow motion for that purpose; but the motion of the Cylinder is very rapid indeed. Some of these Cylinders turn round two hundred times in a minute."
|Holding Organisation||Manchester Library and Information Service|